Chinese public institutions bring economic knowledge "How much is the knowledge of the public basic knowledge of economy" to everyone, hoping to help you prepare candidates for the public institution examinations smoothly.
The economy is ubiquitous in our lives. A proper understanding of the economic knowledge related to us can provide a lot of convenience for our lives. It is also necessary to be careful to save money and consume in the Internet era. It can not be an economy Blind, will you follow me to see if the following economics common sense will do?
1. The most important market players in a market economy are:
A. Enterprise B. Legal person C. Individual D. Group
[Answer] A. Analysis: The constituent elements of the market economy include the market subject, object and content. The main part is the production sector such as an enterprise. The content is the object of the transaction (including tangible products and intangible services). The object is the consumer and the government. Among them, the enterprise is The most important market players (not only producers but also consumers). Therefore, the answer to this question is A.
2. Modern enterprise system is based on ________.
A. Limited liability system B. Corporate enterprise C. Partnership enterprise D. Enterprise legal person system
[Answer] D. Analysis: The modern enterprise system refers to a new type of enterprise system based on a sound corporate legal person system, with a limited liability system as the guarantee, a company as the main form, clear property rights, clear rights and responsibilities, separation of government and enterprise, and scientific management . Therefore, the answer to this question is D.
3. The goal of further deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises is to modernize the enterprise system with the standardized form of ________ as the typical form of the state-owned economy.
A. Partnership system B. Individual industrial and commercial households C. Joint-stock system D. All of the above are correct
[Answer] C. Analysis: The goal of further deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises is to modernize the enterprise system with a standardized shareholding system as a typical form to become the main form of realization of the state-owned economy, that is, a limited liability company. Therefore, the answer to this question is C.
4. When the total social supply is greater than the total social demand, the main performance of the economy does not include:
A. The enterprise market has shrunk sharply B. The product cannot be sold
C. Increased unemployed population D. Inflation
[Answer] D. Analysis: An economy whose total social supply exceeds total social demand is in a deflationary state. There are too few currencies in the market and the market is shrinking. People have no money or are unwilling to spend money. The scale is shrinking, the unemployed population is increasing, and prices are falling. Inflation is that the total social demand is greater than the total social supply. Therefore, the answer to this question is D.
5. The description of unemployment is wrong:
A. Unemployment is an inevitable phenomenon in a market economy
B. As long as it is properly regulated, unemployment can be avoided
C. Frictional unemployment is a type of unemployment
D. Under conditions of unemployment, economic resources are underutilized
[Answer] B. Analysis: The expression that unemployment can be avoided in option B is too absolute. For example, frictional unemployment and structural unemployment are natural unemployment, which is inevitable. Frictional unemployment is caused by incomplete and asymmetric information; structural unemployment is caused by changes in the economic structure, such as technological updates or changes in consumer preferences. Therefore, the answer to this question is B.
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