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Report Writing Essentials of Official Document Writing in 2020 Provincial Examination

2019-12-27 09:42:27 | Source: Li Pengge, CPG Education

Looking at the topic in recent years, we will find a typical question type tendency: the proportion of implementation is increasing day by day, and even a set of two questions is implemented. In connection with the implementation of a 20-point score, many candidates are "tired not to love" this question type, want to write well, but also suffer from not knowing a language, such as seeing "report" I don't know how to start. Today, please follow the steps of CPG education and enter the world of reporting together.

I. Introduction

Reporting refers to telling the news to the masses through newspapers, magazines, radio, television or other forms or refers to press releases published in writing or radio or television.

Second, the classic case

[Example question] If you are a reporter of a newspaper, please write a report with the title of "Building a" Water City "with" Clear Water, Live Water, and Beautiful Water "according to" Given Information 3 ". (20 points)

Requirements: (1) specific and comprehensive content; (2) fluent and logical language; (3) no more than 500 words.

1. Examination questions

Language: Report

Title: Creating a 'Water City' with 'Clear Water, Water Life, and Water Beauty' (The finishing touch of the topic tells us how the report focuses on how to create a Water City with vitality)

Find something

The speech of Secretary B of the County Party Committee W on several different occasions involved the topic of creating a “vibrant water city”.

(1) On September 15th, at a meeting held by the county party committee of county B, W said: There is an old saying: "Where is the water man? The origin of all things is also true, so is the clan of all beings." It is human to choose water. The instinct of survival and the use of water resources make human life better. For this reason, our county should build a "vibrant water city" based on "clear water, live water and beautiful water". According to the beautiful vision of "Bibo Yingcheng, the city supports the green hills, the people are in the city, and the city is in the painting", the county's water system space should be shaped, the rivers, lakes, and wetlands in our county should be reasonably connected, and various waterfront public spaces should be shaped. Reach "water abundance, clear water, beautiful water, and live water", and realize the integration of "blue sky, clear water, and green space", so that "Water City" is truly full of "vigor".

(2) The Nanhe River passing through the city was once turned into a "smelly ditch" due to the random row, and the citizens avoided it. On October 1, County B started the Nanhe pollution control campaign. W said at the pollution control meeting:

To control pollution in the Nanhe River, we must adopt the model of “intercepting sewage outside the river, dredging in the river, reusing water, and ecological restoration”, and strengthen (stop and turn) the “stop and stop, stop and close, and stop and close "The turn-by-turn" pollution control strategy will ban 324 polluting enterprises, make the Nanhe River clear, green shadows, fish and shrimp swim, and then promote pollution control including the other two rivers in the county. In order to consolidate the results of the "three rivers" governance and strengthen the protection of the water system, the main measures we will take are: first, to protect and repair the existing water bodies and appropriately increase the water surface, so that the urban water surface rate reaches more than 10%; second, through the project Measures to protect the ecological water requirements and mobility of the "South River", "North River" and "Meijiang River"; the third is to protect and gradually improve the water quality of central urban areas; the fourth is to provide citizens with good water landscapes and convenient hydrophilic entertainment spaces to achieve clean water .

(3) On November 5th, W said at a symposium on "How to Build a Water City":

"Ask the canal to be as clear as this, for the source of living water." The construction of "Water City" must not only make the urban water system developed, the water area occupies more than 10% of the urban area, and the density of the water network must reach more than 5 kilometers per square kilometer. There is "living water" in the city. In order for "water to live", it is imperative to communicate with the main vein, maintain supply, and build branches.

At present, the water area of the county's urban area has reached 3400 acres, and the water surface proportion in the urban area has reached 9%. These are the effects of "blood circulation". Our county will build a "comfort nest" for water. The implementation of the "three rivers" governance project will heal the "atherosclerosis" of the "South River", "North River", and "Meijiang River" in order to unblock the flow of water.

The construction and improvement of reservoirs at all levels will ensure that "living water" has a "source" and a sufficient supply of "blood". At the same time, the construction of "one river, three lakes, nine wetlands", strengthening the protection of existing water bodies and water systems, and solving the problem of "engineering water shortage" will help promote the total water volume to "get out of poverty and become rich". At that time, "the water area accounts for 10% of the urban area" will not be a dream.

The "aorta" is clear, and the "supply" is sufficient. Another key factor in the water's "liveness" is the "capillaries" that spread throughout the county's urban area. Only when "capillaries" travel unimpeded, can the concept of "stay in the city and swim in the city" be translated into reality. According to the plan, in a 53-square-kilometer urban area, a water network with a total length of about 260 kilometers must be built in order to meet the "water city" water network density standard. Therefore, in the construction of "Water City", our county will increase the intensity of water system construction, so as to increase the density of water networks to more than 5 kilometers per square kilometer. |

Achieve water. The first is. . . two is. . . Three is

(4) On November 18th, at a meeting to welcome the "Water and Cities" study group organized by the Provincial Writers Association, W said:

Throughout the ages, countless writers and saints have used water as the image of their works, such as "Jiang Zuo Qing Luo Belt, mountains like jasper magpies", "water is bright and sunny, the mountains are empty and the rain is strange". Water is not only a guarantee of human survival, but also a spiritual sustenance.

The beauty of water is that it can add color and add color. Imagine a dense network of water, "one river, three lakes, nine wetlands" like green emeralds inlaid between reinforced concrete urban jungles. People walking in it, listening to "small brooks" and seeing "like blue and green water", will definitely Forget the hustle and bustle of the city and get a moment of peace in your heart. The beauty of water lies in its sound, its color, and its shape, which make people escape from the cage and return to nature.

The beauty of water is that it can nourish life. Our county will make the latest interpretation of the concept of "relying on mountains and eating on water". On the basis of meeting the urban flood control requirements, (1) use landscapes, flood control channels, etc. to connect the urban water system into one. Reasonably organize water tour routes, improve "hydrophilic" facilities, and increase citizen participation. Increase the landscape lake in the city, increase the water surface rate in the city, and maintain and purify the water quality. Take this series of measures, play the "Water City" business card, and develop the "weekend tourism economy." With this,

(2) Develop the tertiary industry in our county and increase the economic income of the people.

Realize water beauty. One is. . two is

I have a dream, and hope that after 3 years, most of the citizens of my county will be able to feel the aura of water and enjoy the comfort and joy brought by water ecology. At that time, writers are welcome to come to our county to feel the charm of "Energetic Water City".

3. Processing

According to the material reading: you will find that the dry water, water activity, and water beauty of the question exactly correspond to the unfolding logic of the material; and the material forms a relatively obvious overall score structure, so you can learn from the overall performance of the material when answering Paragraph writing begins, and summary paragraphs of material end.

4.Writing

Create a 'Energetic Water City' with 'Clear Water, Live Water, and Beautiful Water'

County B, in accordance with the beautiful vision of "Bibo Yingcheng, supporting the green hills, people in the city, and the city in the paintings", shaped the county's water system space, realized the mutual integration of "blue sky, clear water, and green space", making the water city truly full of "vitality" "!

Achieve clear water. The first is to control the pollution of the Nanhe River, adopting the model of “intercepting pollution outside the river, dredging in the river, reusing water, and ecological restoration” to strengthen the “stop and switch” and ban the polluting enterprises; Great protection of the water system.

Achieve water. The first is through the main vein. Implement the "three rivers" governance project to increase the area of waters and unblock the flow channels; the second is to ensure supply. Improve and construct reservoirs, build "one river, three lakes, nine wetlands", strengthen the protection of existing water bodies and water systems, and solve the problem of "engineering water shortage". Third, build branch veins and increase the control of water systems.

Realize water beauty. Add color and add color, let people escape the fan cage, return to nature; nourish life, use landscapes, flood control rivers, etc. to integrate urban water systems, rationally organize water tour routes, improve "hydrophilic facilities", develop the tertiary industry, and increase income.

The Secretary of the County Party Committee of City B mentioned that it was hoped that three years later. Everyone can feel the comfort and joy brought by the aura of water and ecology, and enjoy the charm of "Vibrant Water City" together!

Summary of major and difficult reports

Through the examples of the above topics, we briefly summarize the writing method of the report

(1) Writing format: title + body

(2) Writing content: The specific topic of the report is drawn at the beginning, the main part is combined with the subject and the material, the topic is rebated at the end, and the full text ends.

(3) Answer points: The report as a whole is similar to a press release, so adhere to the principles of fairness and objectivity, and focus on the core topics of the material and the topic; however, in the specific writing process, you must keep close to the core subject of the topic and grasp Quasi-core content.

(4) Difficulties in answering: The focus of the report on implementation needs to reflect the logic and hierarchy of the content, so that the examiner can quickly understand the main points of expression. Therefore, in the process of writing, we should pay attention to the problem tendency and material logic. For example, this question: The title mentioned "Building a vibrant water city with clear water, live water and beautiful water". We must first grasp that the big theme is to Write "Building a vibrant water city as a topic", followed by the main analysis of the relationship of "water clear, water alive, and water beauty". The three words are separated by a comma, which indicates a parallel relationship, and the juxtaposition often implies the number of points. So the water is clear, the water is alive, and the water is beautiful. These three points may be ours. Specifically, do you return to the material verification with questions? After verification, you will find that these three words correspond to the materials one by one, which means that These are the three points of the measure. Therefore, in the process of writing the main points of the text, everyone should first pay attention to the hierarchical structure of the material and grasp the hints of the questions. This can ensure that we clearly grasp the main points of the material.

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(Responsible editor: Li Qian)

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