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From Tibetan archaeology to Sui and Tang archaeology, for more than 30 years, Zhang Jianlin has never stopped to explore the unknown world. Through the sites and murals, he traced the historical background and social activities in his mind. His archeological footprint also extends beyond the national gate, because in his opinion, only by understanding this world can we further understand the status and value of Chinese civilization in the entire human civilization.
"Didi Didi Didi-"
Along with many people's familiar ringtones, Zhang Jianlin took out an old black mottled Nokia phone from his pocket and answered the call. In the field of archeology, such a traditional mobile phone is necessary, and some places cannot be charged, and this mobile phone can stand by for a week. Zhang Jianlin also maintained this habit in daily life.
The four large bookshelves behind him were full of academic books. These books show Zhang Jianlin's research interests: Tibetan archaeology and Sui and Tang archaeology. The former deputy dean of the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology has retired, but the unit has kept an office for him so that he can continue to complete the research project at hand.
"Unknowns can attract people, make you suffer so much, suffer so much, and still have the interest to do it all the time. Curiosity is human nature, right?" Zhang Jianlin's twinkling eyes revealed the mysterious world Longing.
There are 4 words in archeology, seeing people through things
"The second year I resumed the college entrance examination, that is, I took the college entrance examination in 1978. At that time, I was 22 years old and had been a worker for three years in a fertilizer plant in Baoji County. My first volunteer was a library major and my second volunteer was archeology. The third volunteer is Chinese, because I like to read books, but I did not expect to be accepted by the archeology major of Northwest University. "Zhang Jianlin said.
After graduating, he was assigned to the newly established Baoji Archaeological Team. By chance, Zhang Jianlin joined the Tibet census team of the Shaanxi Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau.
Out of his love of archeology, before entering the ancient city ruins, Zhang Jianlin would read almost all the information he could collect, and he would look at the photos many times. "But once standing in front of the real ruins, the kind of surprise and excitement is still hard to come by. Can't be calm for a long time. "Zhang Jianlin said. Looking at the colorful murals in the site, his first reaction was not to appreciate, but to understand the age and historical environment behind the murals. Zhang Jianlin said: "There are four words in archeology, that is, seeing people through things."
In more than 30 years, Zhang Jianlin has entered Tibet more than 30 times, and his knowledge of Tibet has even surpassed his hometown of Shaanxi. "Tibetan archeology is one of the important ways to study the history of Tibet, but because there is not much archaeological work carried out in Tibet in the past, the research framework has not been fully established, and it is difficult to carry out a thorough and systematic study." In Zhang Jianlin's mind, Tibet has one The mysterious chronology needs more people to perfect it.
More awe of cultural heritage
After completing the census of Tibetan cultural relics, Zhang Jianlin returned to Shaanxi to organize and compile relevant archeological reports. He also participated in the second cultural relics census of Shaanxi Province. In 1988, Zhang Jianlin entered the Shaanxi Institute of Archaeology and was assigned to the Sui and Tang Archaeological Research Office. The tombs of the Tang Dynasty gradually became his research direction.
"From 2002 to 2004, we excavated the North Simamen site of the Tang Zhaoling. The disclosure of this Tang Dynasty architectural site solved many important academic problems." Zhang Jianlin said. This excavation was rated as "Top Ten New Archaeological Discoveries in China" in 2003. At present, Zhang Jianlin still has on hand a project that lasted more than 10 years-the archaeological survey of the Tangling Great Site. "Over the past ten years, we have conducted a comprehensive and systematic archaeological investigation, exploration and mapping of the 18 emperor's tombs of the Tang Dynasty, two ancestral tombs, and Yang Zeshun, the mother of Wu Zetian. The basic data formed has reached tens of millions of words. A lot of new ideas and methods. "
Zhang Jianlin believes that in the archeological and cultural relics protection work of urban capital construction, it is necessary to rectify the general heritage of burial, burial sites, palaces and temples, and qinglifang.
The Tang Chang'an city site is squeezed under the modern Xi'an urban area. How to coordinate the relationship between urban construction and cultural relics protection, to maximize the archaeological data acquisition and site protection of Tang Changan city site, has become an important issue.
"I am not opposed to urban construction within the scope of the Chang'an City Ruins in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, but I hope to perform the approval procedures within the framework of the Cultural Relics Protection Law. The archaeological institutions will investigate and excavate in advance, and adhere to the principle of" archeology first, protection first ". Rescue protection. "Zhang Jianlin said:" City construction also needs more awe of cultural heritage. "
Chinese archeology must go out
Shaanxi is the starting point of the Silk Road and plays a very important role in Chinese and Western transportation. In Shaanxi, cultural interactions frequently occur and never stop, which also provides an opportunity for Zhang Jianlin's archaeological research to go out. In addition to working at the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Zhang Jianlin also has a status of a distinguished professor at Northwestern University. Zhang Jianlin first participated in archaeology in Central Asia. In 2011, he went to Tajikistan to investigate with the team of Professor Wang Jianxin of Northwest University. Since then, he has visited Kyrgyzstan several times to visit or participate in conferences.
"To understand the status and value of Chinese civilization in the entire human civilization, we need to understand this world. After the emergence of modern archeology, Western archaeologists have been doing Egyptian archaeology, Lianghe archaeology, Mayan archaeology, Indian archaeology, So Chinese archeology must also go out. "Zhang Jianlin said.
"In recent years, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology and the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences have conducted joint archaeological investigations, excavations and studies on some sites in Kyrgyzstan, and carried out joint excavations and studies on a series of sites in Chuhe Prefecture, especially the Red River ancient city site." Zhang Jianlin said .
The Red River Ancient City Ruins, located on the outskirts of Honghe Village in Kanter City, Chuhe Prefecture, is an important ancient city site in the Chu River Basin of Kyrgyzstan, and is an important relic to witness the development of the Silk Road. During the two-year work of the joint archaeological team of Jilin and China, archaeologists unearthed a lot of pottery slabs, bricks and coins at the ancient city of Honghe. The joint archaeological work will sign a new cooperation agreement after completing the first phase of the cooperation agreement.
"China's archeology is still in its infancy," said Zhang Jianlin. "To achieve great results, we need the next generation. In addition to Chinese and English, they must learn at least one more language to lay the foundation for research."
People's Daily (14th edition, December 27, 2019)
Source of information: http://culture.people.com.cn/n1/2019/1227/c1013-31524868.html
Author: People's Daily reporter Zhang Danhua
Original Title: The Unknown World Leads Me (Running for Dreams)
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